In what sense are dogs special? canine cognition in comparative context

Lea, S. and Osthaus, B. (2018) In what sense are dogs special? canine cognition in comparative context. Learning & Behavior, 46 (4). pp. 335-363. ISSN 1543-4508.

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The great increase in the study of dog cognition in the current century has yielded insights into canine cognition in a variety of
domains. In this review, we seek to place our enhanced understand
ing of canine cognition into context. We argue that in order to
assess dog cognition, we need to regard dogs from three different perspectives: phylogenetically, as carnivoran and specifically a
canid; ecologically, as social, cursorial hunters; and anthropogenically, as a domestic animal. A principled understanding of canine cognition should therefore involve comparing dogs’ cognition with that of other carnivorans, other social hunters, and other domestic animals.

This paper contrasts dog cognition with what is known about cognition in species that fit into these three categories, with a particular emphasis on wolves, cats, spotted hyenas, chimpanzees, dolphins, horses, and pigeons. We cover sensory cognition, physical cognition, spatial cognition, social cognition, and self-awareness. Although the comparisons are in-complete, because of the limited range of studies of some of the other relevant species, we conclude that dog cognition is influenced by the membership of all three of these groups, and taking all three groups into account, dog cognition does not look exceptional.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dog; cognition; carnivora; social hunting; domestic animal; comparative cognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0660 Comparative psychology. Animal and human psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology
Depositing User: Dr Britta Osthaus
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 12:45
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 08:01

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00