Behind the mask: the experience of assessment, diagnosis and living with autism for girls and young women.

Tierney, S. and Burns, J. (2017) Behind the mask: the experience of assessment, diagnosis and living with autism for girls and young women. In: Legato, M., ed. Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine. 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass: Elsevier. pp. 203-217 ISBN 9780128035061

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Abstract

The conceptualisation of autism has largely been based on the male population and the condition is widely understood to affect males more than females. However, this work has been critiqued from a gender perspective and charged with androcentric practices, leading to an unawareness of the needs of females on the spectrum.

In this chapter, we discuss the development of classification and assessment criteria and provide an overview of theories and hypotheses related to gender differences in ASC. We also present data from in-depth interviews with adolescent females with a diagnosis of autism, illustrating some of the social challenges that these young women face on a daily basis, particularly during adolescence when specific complex challenges arise. Girls reported using various masking and imitation strategies, which while effective at one level, also have serious psychological costs. Finally, we offer suggestions for clinical practice and further research.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum condition; diagnosis; assessment; adolescents; female; friendship; masking; imitation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0636 Applied psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0692 Psychology of sex. Sexual behaviour
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0076.5 Psychology research
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ0499 Mental disorders. Child psychiatry
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ0499 Mental disorders. Child psychiatry > RJ0506.A9 Autism
Divisions: pre Nov-2014 > Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > Applied Psychology
Depositing User: Prof Jan Burns
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2018 09:53
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2018 09:53
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/16945

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00