Weighing up the evidence: a systematic review of the effectiveness of workplace interventions to tackle socio-economic inequalities in obesity

Cairns, J., Bambra, C., Hillier-Brown, F., Moore, H. and Summerbell, C. (2014) Weighing up the evidence: a systematic review of the effectiveness of workplace interventions to tackle socio-economic inequalities in obesity. Journal of Public Health, 37 (4,). pp. 659-670.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Addressing socio-economic inequalities in obesity is a public health priority and the workplace is seen as a potential health promotion site. However, there is a lack of evidence on what works. This article systematically reviews studies of the effects of workplace interventions on socio-economic inequalities in obesity.

METHODS:
Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched for published or unpublished experimental and observational evaluation studies. Nine electronic databases were searched as well as websites and bibliographies. Included studies were data extracted, quality assessed and narratively synthesized.

RESULTS:
Eighteen studies were included of which 14 examined behavioural interventions and 4 mixed or environmental ones. While most studies (n = 12) found no effects on inequalities in obesity--and a minority found increases (n = 3), there was also some evidence of potentially effective workplace interventions (n = 3) especially in terms of physical activity interventions targeted at lower occupational groups.

CONCLUSION:
There is experimental evidence that workplace delivered physical activity interventions have the potential to reduce inequalities in obesity by targeting lower occupational groups. However, overall, the evidence base is small, largely from the USA, and of a low quality. More high-quality, experimental study designs are required.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: JA - Journal of Public.Health. [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Inequalities; interventions; obesity; socio-economic status (SES); workplace
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0628 Obesity
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Wellbeing > School of Public Health, Midwifery and Social Work
Depositing User: Jo Cairns
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 08:47
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/16882

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00