Exploring the nature of counterfactual thinking and their perceived consequences in an elite sporting context: an interpretative phenomenological analysis

Marlow, J. and Uphill, M. A. (2017) Exploring the nature of counterfactual thinking and their perceived consequences in an elite sporting context: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. The Sport Psychologist, 31 (4). pp. 369-381. ISSN 0888-4781.

[img]
Preview
PDF
Counterfactuals in Elite Sport - The Sport Psychologist ACCEPTED July 17.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (276kB) | Preview

Abstract

This study explored the characteristics, contextual factors and consequences of counterfactual thoughts in seven elite athletes using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Counterfactuals were experienced regularly with self-directed and upward counterfactuals (cognitions about how things could be better) being most frequent. These upward counterfactuals typically occurred following performance that was below participants’ goals and expectations These thoughts were perceived by participants to have a negative affect initially, and that they then led to facilitative behavioral consequences around learning and development. Some elements of counterfactual thinking could be used as a useful reflective tool to encourage elite athletes to problem solve and motivate cognitive, emotional and behavioral change to enhance future performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0706 Sports psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Human and Life Sciences > Sports Lab
Depositing User: Dr Mark Uphill
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2017 10:52
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2017 10:53
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/16611

Actions (login required)

Update Item (CReaTE staff only) Update Item (CReaTE staff only)

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Share

Connect with us

Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00