How does homelessness affect parenting behaviour? A systematic critical review and thematic synthesis of qualitative research

Bradley, Caroline, McGowan, J. and Michelson, D. (2017) How does homelessness affect parenting behaviour? A systematic critical review and thematic synthesis of qualitative research. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review.

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The adverse social and physical conditions of homelessness pose significant developmental risks for children, which may be compounded or buffered by the quality of parenting behaviour they are exposed to. There is currently a limited understanding of how parents approach their care-giving role and responsibilities while adjusting to the experience of homelessness. Advancing knowledge in this area is essential for developing acceptable, appropriate and effective interventions to support highly marginalised and vulnerable homeless families.

This review explored homeless parents’ perceptions of how homelessness affects their parenting behaviour and identified adaptive strategies that parents may use to mitigate the potentially negative impacts of homelessness on the quality of care-giving. Asystematic search of four electronic databases (ASSIA,PsycINFO, Web of Science and MEDLINE) identified 13 published qualitative studies, all originating from the USA,which explored parenting behaviour in homeless contexts.The studies were critically appraised using the CASP qualitative assessment tool. The matic synthesis identified the following determinants of parenting behaviour; negative self-concept in the parental role, parental mental health, material resources, challenges to autonomy and self-efficacy, daily hassles, physical environment and service context, stigma, child characteristics and lack of support. These were synthesised thematically using existing models of parenting determinants and positive parenting. Findings indicate substantive impacts of homelessness on parental mental health, parenting authority, material resources, parenting environments and social support. Parents developed a number of adaptive methods to negotiate the challenges of homeless parenting such as maintaining a positive mindset, cherishing the parental role and developing practical strategies.

We conclude with recommendations that service providers should tailor parenting support to resource-constrained circumstances and that further research is required in order to better understand experiences of homeless parents in other international contexts.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0636 Applied psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0076.5 Psychology research
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology
Depositing User: Dr John McGowan
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2017 10:25
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2017 15:42

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00