Long-term outcomes of cognitive-behavior therapy for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder

Krebs, G., Fernández de la Cruz, L., Monzani, B., Bowyer, L., Anson, M., Cadman, J., Turner, C., Heyman, I., Veale, D. and Mataix-Cols, D. (2017) Long-term outcomes of cognitive-behavior therapy for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder. Behavior Therapy, 48 (4). pp. 462-473. ISSN 0005-7894.

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Abstract

Emerging evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is an efficacious treatment for adolescent body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in the short term, but longer-term outcomes remain unknown. The current study aimed to follow up a group of adolescents who had originally participated in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for BDD to determine whether treatment gains were maintained. Twenty-six adolescents (mean age = 16.2, SD = 1.6) with a primary diagnosis of BDD received a course of developmentally tailored CBT and were followed up over 12 months. Participants were assessed at baseline, midtreatment, posttreatment, 2-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. The primary outcome measure was the clinician-rated Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale Modified for BDD. Secondary outcomes included measures of insight, depression, quality of life, and global functioning. BDD symptoms decreased significantly from pre- to posttreatment and remained stable over the 12-month follow-up. At this time point, 50% of participants were classified as responders and 23% as remitters. Participants remained significantly improved on all secondary outcomes at 12-month follow-up. Neither baseline insight nor baseline depression predicted long-term outcomes. The positive effects of CBT appear to be durable up to 12-month follow-up. However, the majority of patients remained symptomatic and vulnerable to a range of risks at 12-month follow-up, indicating that longer-term monitoring is advisable in this population. Future research should focus on enhancing the efficacy of CBT in order to improve long-term outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Body dysmorphic disorder; children; adolescents; cognitive-behavioral therapy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0076.5 Psychology research
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ0499 Mental disorders. Child psychiatry > RJ0503 Adolescent psychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Martin Anson
Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2017 12:26
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 09:06
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/16288

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00