Exploring the participation of children with Down Syndrome in Handwriting Without Tears®

Patton, S. and Hutton, E. (2017) Exploring the participation of children with Down Syndrome in Handwriting Without Tears®. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention, 10 (2). pp. 171-184. ISSN 1941-1243.

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Children with Down Syndrome typically experience difficulties with attention to task and lack motivation when learning to write. This article provides an evaluation of the HWT® method applied as an intervention to promote handwriting amongst children with Down Syndrome attending mainstream school in The Republic of Ireland.


In the absence of standardised measures, a purpose-designed group task participation scale and pre- and post-intervention teacher/parent questionnaire were developed by the first author and used to investigate the participation of 40 children with Down Syndrome in HWT® activities.


Positive changes in participation in HWT® activities were recorded in group data and in teacher/parent report.


Hands-on multisensory learning approaches such as HWT® may encourage children with Down Syndrome to participate in activities that promote handwriting skills. Further research and the development of robust measures to evaluate handwriting intervention for this population of children is required

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education > LC1390 Education of special classes of persons > LC3950 Exceptional children and youth. Special education
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM0930 Rehabilitation therapy
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Wellbeing > School of Allied Health Professions
Depositing User: Dr Eve Hutton
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 13:36
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2018 20:31
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/15533

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00