Intellectual disability, special olympics and parasport

Burns, J. (2017) Intellectual disability, special olympics and parasport. In: Brittain, I. and Beacom, A., eds. The Palgrave Handbook of Paralympic Studies. London: Palgrave. ISBN 9781137479006 (In Press)

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The story of the involvement of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in high level sport is an interesting, but chequered one. When placing the words ‘people with ID’ and ‘sport’ together the common conclusion is the Special Olympics (SO). Whilst the SO have played, and continue to play, a significant and positive role in sports and people with ID, it is not the only story, and some may argue has played a convenient role for some when awkward questions have been asked about the inclusion of athletes with ID at Paralympic level. The involvement of athletes in the Paralympics is a completely different story and echoes the exclusion/inclusion dynamic that is common within the history of the positioning of people with ID. This chapter aims to explain where the SO currently sits in relation to Parasport for people with ID and then describes the parallel developments concerned with moving from a position of Paralympic exclusion to re-inclusion, and how this has now been achieved for athletes with ID. The chapter will conclude with some comments about the consequences of this achievement and future directions of development; however, it is perhaps best to start by defining the impairment group of ID as this category in itself is a contested construct.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intellectual disabilities; Special Olympics; INAS; paralympics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0445 Physical education for people with disabilities
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0712 Athletic contests. Sports events
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0558 Sports science
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0706 Sports psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV1551 People with disabilities
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology
Depositing User: Prof Jan Burns
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2016 12:25
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 14:16

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00