Identifying risks for male street gang affiliation: a systematic review and design and validation of the gang affiliation risk measure (GARM)

Raby, Carlotta (2016) Identifying risks for male street gang affiliation: a systematic review and design and validation of the gang affiliation risk measure (GARM). D.Clin.Psych. thesis, Canterbury Christ Church University.

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Abstract

This study aimed to create the first measure of risk for UK gang-affiliation. A pilot stage invited gang affiliated and non-gang affiliated participants between the ages of 16–25 to retrospectively self-report on 58 items of risk exposure at the age of 11. Based on performance of these items, a 26-item measure was developed and administered to a main study sample (n=185) of gang affiliated and non-gang affiliated participants. Categorical Principal Component Analysis was applied to data, yielding a single-factor solution (historic lack of safety and current perception of threat). A 15-item gang-affiliation risk measure (GARM) was subsequently created. The GARM demonstrated good internal consistency, construct validity and discriminative ability. Items from the GARM were then transformed to read prospectively, resulting in a test measure for predictive purposes (T-GARM). However, the T-GARM requires further validation regarding its predictive utility and generalisability.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gangs, measure, risk, young people, UK
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0176 Psychological tests and testing
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0076.5 Psychology research
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV6001 Criminology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine > RA1148 Forensic psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology > Salomons Centre for Applied Psychology
Depositing User: Mrs Kathy Chaney
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2016 13:56
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 01:36
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/14700

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00