Patterns of MHC selection in African mole-rats, family Bathyergidae: the effects of sociality and habitat

Kundu, S. and Faulkes, C. (2004) Patterns of MHC selection in African mole-rats, family Bathyergidae: the effects of sociality and habitat. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271 (1536). pp. 273-278. ISSN 0962-8452.

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Abstract

African mole-rats are a family of rodents exhibiting an eclectic range of social behaviour and occupying a variety of habitat types. These differences are likely to impact upon the risk of parasite transmission and virulence, with increasing sociality predicted to correspond to an increased risk of transmission. We investigate these factors by analysing the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), a set of genes responsible for encoding highly variable intermediaries of the vertebrate adaptive immune response. To this end we assessed selection at exons 2 and 3 of the MHC class II DQ�1 gene of four African mole-rat species representing a range of social behaviours. We demonstrate that: (i) the overall pattern of selection at these exons differentiates according to the predicted function of different regions, with the presence of positive selection indicating the likely influence of host–parasite coevolution; and (ii) contrary to the often observed and predicted positive correspondence between sociality and the risk of parasite transmission, two highly social African mole-rat species in fact appear to have comparatively weak positive selection, suggesting diminished host immunity and thus a low overall risk of parasite transmission.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology (General) > QH0359 Evolution
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology (General) > QH0426 Genetics
Q Science > QL Zoology > QL0605 Chordates. Vertebrates > QL0700 Mammals
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Human and Life Sciences
Depositing User: Samit Kundu
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2016 10:31
Last Modified: 13 May 2016 09:08
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/14404

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00