Understanding reduced activity in psychosis: the roles of stigma and illness appraisals

Moriarty, A., Jolley, S., Callanan, M. and Garety, P. A. (2012) Understanding reduced activity in psychosis: the roles of stigma and illness appraisals. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47 (10). pp. 1685-1693. ISSN 0933-7954.

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Abstract

Abstract
Purpose Increasing activity and social inclusion for people with psychosis is a primary goal of mental health services. Understanding the psychological mechanisms underlying reduced activity will inform more carefully targeted and effective interventions. Anxiety, depression, positive symptom distress and negative symptoms all make a contribution, but much of the variance in activity remains unaccounted for and is poorly understood. Appraisals of illness impact on adjustment to illness: mood, engagement in treatment and quality of life are all affected. It is plausible that illness appraisals will also influence activity. This study investigated the extent to which three components of illness appraisal accounted for variance in activity.

Method
50 people with psychosis completed measures of activity, positive and negative symptoms, anxiety and depression, cognitive functioning, stigma, insight and illness perceptions.

Results
Multiple regression revealed that internalised stigma, but not insight or illness perception, was significantly correlated with reduced activity. 42% of the variance in activity was accounted for by stigma, negativesymptoms, positive symptom distress and social support. Affect, cognitive functioning and positive symptoms were not associated with activity.

Conclusion
For people with psychosis, activity levels appear to be compromised particularly by fears of what others think of them and how they will be treated by others. Directly targeting these fears should improve the impact of psychological interventions on functioning. Specific, individualised cognitive behavioural interventions could be a useful adjunct to recovery-focused narrative therapies and complement public information campaigns to reduce discriminatory attitudes and behaviours.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Schizophrenia; insight; discrimination
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0697 Differential psychology. Individuality. Self
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0435 Psychiatry > RC0512 Psychopathology. Mental disorders
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology > Salomons Centre for Applied Psychology
Depositing User: Prof Margie Callanan
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 14:18
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2015 16:40
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/13109

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00