Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the context of Parental Attachment styles

Thomas, Georgiana (2014) Understanding Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the context of Parental Attachment styles. D.Clin.Psych. thesis, Canterbury Christ Church University.

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Abstract

The present study investigated parental attachment insecurity, specifically Insecure-Anxious and Avoidant attachment styles, and their relationship to children’s ADHD symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention and aggression. The study used a between­ subjects, correlational (cross­sectional) design and quantitative data was collected using reliable and valid self-report questionnaires. Data was analysed using SPSS 19.0. There were no significant differences in attachment insecurity or attachment styles between parents of ADHD and non-ADHD children. However a highly significant association was found between parental attachment insecurity and child aggression, and a moderate association with hyperactivity. There was no significant effect of attachment style, but the study was underpowered and a larger sample size may have differentiated specific effects of parental attachment style. The study used a largely non-clinical sample, with children who were low risk and significantly less impaired than the ADHD participants. A higher risk population would have potentially brought some of the trends of association between parental attachment and child symptoms to significant levels. The study concluded that parental insecure attachment, specifically Dual/Disorganised attachment style, contributes to the emotional environment that increases risk of child aggression and hyperactivity, however methodological limitations were acknowledged. Clinical implications were drawn and recommendations made for future research.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0511 Affection. Feeling. Emotion
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > HQ0755.7 Parents. Parenthood
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ0499 Mental disorders. Child psychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > School of Psychology, Politics and Sociology > Salomons Centre for Applied Psychology
Depositing User: Mrs Kathy Chaney
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2015 16:34
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 00:52
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/13048

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00