The Channel Tunnel: transport patterns and regional impacts

Thomas, P. and O'Donoghue, D. (2013) The Channel Tunnel: transport patterns and regional impacts. Journal of Transport Geography, 31. pp. 104-112. ISSN 0966-6923.

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Abstract

Since its opening in 1994 the Channel Tunnel has become a key element in the transport infrastructure linking Britain and continental Europe. But, as well as forming part of the Trans-European Rail Network, the Channel Tunnel was also seen as a potential stimulus to trans-frontier collaboration and as a possible catalyst for regional economic development. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the regional impacts of the Tunnel within the Anglo-French frontier zone on both sides of the English Channel. Overall, the evidence suggests that the benefits are fewer than had been anticipated. Despite the success of the Channel Tunnel in terms of passenger numbers, the English Channel still represents a psychological barrier (partly due to language differences) and the frontier zone has failed to develop as an integrated labour market. Moreover, the findings suggest that the Channel Tunnel has only transformed the spatial economy of the trans-frontier zone in Kent and Nord-Pas-de-Calais to a limited extent. While Ashford has undoubtedly gained from its high-speed rail connection, the greatest impacts have occurred in metropolitan regions further from the Tunnel, including Lille and East London.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Divisions: pre Nov-2014 > Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > Geographical and Life Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Daniel Donoghue
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2014 17:06
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 14:12
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/12872

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00