The effectiveness of self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in a student sample: A randomised controlled trial

Lever Taylor, B., Strauss, C., Cavanagh, K. and Jones, F. W. (2014) The effectiveness of self-help mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in a student sample: A randomised controlled trial. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 63. pp. 63-69. ISSN 0005-7967.

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Abstract

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) involves approximately twenty hours of therapist contact time and is not universally available. MBCT self-help (MBCT-SH) may widen access but little is known about its effectiveness. This paper presents a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of MBCT-SH for students. Eighty students were randomly assigned to an eight-week MBCT-SH condition or a wait-list control. ANOVAs showed significant group by time interactions in favour of MBCT-SH on measures of depression, anxiety, stress, satisfaction with life, mindfulness and self-compassion. Post-intervention between-group effect sizes ranged from Cohen's d = 0.22 to 1.07. Engagement with MBCT-SH was high: participants engaged in mindfulness practice a median of two to three times a week and 85% read at least half the intervention book. Only 5% of participants dropped out. This is the first published RCT of MBCT-SH and benefits were found relative to a control group. MBCT-SH has the potential to be a low-cost, readily available and highly acceptable intervention. Future research should include an active control condition and explore whether findings extend to clinical populations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: MBCT; Mindfulness; Students; Bibliotherapy; Self-help
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0435 Psychiatry > RC0467 Clinical psychology
Divisions: pre Nov-2014 > Faculty of Social and Applied Sciences > Applied Psychology
Depositing User: Dr Fergal W. Jones
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2014 15:50
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2016 10:14
URI: https://create.canterbury.ac.uk/id/eprint/12804

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Last edited: 29/06/2016 12:23:00